Story highlightsCorruption, poverty and a bloody past have produced Cambodia a little one intercourse trade hotspotKhmer Rouge's systematic destruction of society led to the death of two million in the 1970sReport: Culture plays a part as "saying 'no' to an grownup is not simply tolerated"
Svay Pak is a poor fishing village on the outskirt of Cambodia's capital, Phnom Penh, acknowledged globally as a location for youngster intercourse.
It's a spot in which mothers promote their own daughters to youngster traffickers, who provide them to brothels locally and across the country.
But how has this kind of a perverse trade been in a position to get root, allow alone flourish here?
Mark Capaldi, senior researcher for Ecpat Global, an organization committed to combating the sexual exploitation of youngsters, says numerous elements.
"Insufficiently enforced laws, corruption, and the failure to handle a lot more overarching difficulties this kind of as poverty and the damaging side results of globalization have created it a challenge for the nation to shed the unenviable track record as a destination for little one sex," he says.
The authors of a 2011 Ecpat Global report identified a number of cultural and sociological aspects that made Cambodian children "especially vulnerable to grownup predators." "It has been observed that Cambodian children are without a doubt anticipated to abide by principles set forth by adults, and saying 'no' to an adult is website traffic hog not easily tolerated," reads the report.
But what of the acceptance and ready participation of so several locals, like mothers and fathers themselves, in the trade? For Don Brewster -- head of Agape Worldwide Missions, which aids Cambodian youngster survivors of the sex trade -- part of the answer as to why so a lot of grownups in Svay Pak are ready to abnegate their parental duty to shield may possibly lie in Cambodia's brutal current past, which left behind a fractured society.
"What this nation went through was distinctive in history," says Brewster, of the Khmer Rouge's systematic destruction of religious, educational and social structures -- not least of which the family members unit -- in the course of its genocidal 1975-79 reign.
When Pol Pot's maniacal experiment ended, 2 million men and women have been dead, and society's institutions almost erased. "You misplaced your educated folks and the program of educating them you lost the moral compass that Buddhism offered," he says.